The incredibility of the universe relies in the matter that it always keeps changing and evolving shows a study report published in the journal of science.
The study reports describes how the elements from stars grow and explode as well as fade and merge.
The universe went through very interesting changes and all of a sudden the the total number of elements in the universe also changed a lot,the researchers noted.
“For 100 million years after the Big Bang, there was nothing but hydrogen, helium and lithium. And then we started to get carbon and oxygen and really important things. And now, we are kind of in the glory days of populating the periodic table,” said Jennifer Johnson, a professor at the Ohio State University in the US.
There was a process called nucleosynthesis,in which creating a new element began with the Big Bang, about 13.7 billion years ago and still continues.
The lightest elements in the universe, hydrogen and helium, were also the first, results of the Big Bang. However, heavier elements just about every other element on the periodic table are largely the products of the lives and deaths of stars.
Johnson said that high-mass stars, including some in the constellation Orion, about 1,300 light years from Earth, fuse elements much faster than low-mass stars.
These grandiose stars fuse hydrogen and helium into carbon, and turn carbon into magnesium, sodium and neon.The smaller stars also,which in turn leave white dwarfs which can synthesise other elements such as calcium,iron etc. explosion of it ,large amount of calcium and iron gets released into its surroundings.
“One of the things I like most about this is how it takes several different processes for stars to make elements and these processes are interestingly distributed across the periodic table,” Johnson said.
For the formation of many of the elements now marked in the periodic table,there was a contribution of the star,which gave their lives and not just high-mass stars blowing up into supernovae.Many stars including the sun plays an important role in the formation of new elements.