A group of scientists to plant beans in International Space Station in 2021.In 2016 attempt they planted lettuce in ISS,now this time a team of high-tech planters developed at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology(NTNU).
NTNU collaboration with Italian and French researchers in their attempt to cultivate plant-based food for long space journeys.
The fresh leafy food cultivated in ISS will be really advantageous to the astronauts as they use it in salads and to maintain healthy diet.
The European Space Agency plans to build a lunar base in 2030 as a stopover on the way to Mars. NASA plans to fly directly to the planet with a target landing date of 2030.
“We found that plants can, in a way, ‘smell’ the amount of nutrients available to them. When the nitrogen concentration is very low, the plant will absorb more water and thus more nitrogen until it reaches an optimal level,The plant has a mechanism that turns on when the nitrogen level is adequate. Then it adjusts both nitrogen and water absorption down,” said Silje Wolff, a plant physiologist at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Space (CIRiS), which is part of NTNU Social Research.
“The art of getting something to grow in space can be transferred to our planet,this is how we create a setup that produces both the microgravity conditions in the space station and the 1-g (gravity) force that exists on Earth.That will allow her to compare how the different gravitational levels affect the plants in space.The dream of every astronaut is to be able to eat fresh food – like strawberries, cherry tomatoes or anything that’s really flavorful. Someday that will certainly be possible. We envision a greenhouse with several varieties of vegetables,” Wolff said.