A long March 2B rocket carrying the lunar probe of Mission Chang’e 4 was successfully launched at Chinese Xichang satellite centre in Sichuvan province on Sunday.
China launched the spacecraft with a vision to uncover the least encountered far side of the moon, indicating its growing ambitions as a space power to rival Russia, the European Union and the USA.
By the proclaimed mission chang’e 4, China expects to be the first country to make a perfect landing, which is a landing of spacecraft during which no serious damage is incurred. The probe will conduct some radio-astronomical studies that, to analyse the interference free area in moon.
“Free from interference from our planet’s ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies and auroral radiation noise,” space industry expert Leonard David wrote on the Space.com website.
The moon’s far side is better denoted as the dark side because it faces away from Earth and remains comparatively unknown even by the scientists.
Actually , we can see 59 percent of the moon’s surface from Earth at different times of the year. But until the first space missions to the moon flew around our natural satellite, what lay beyond on the far side was a mystery.
There is a phenomenon behind the moons nearly half part remains under cover, called “tidal locking.” The moon rotates on its axis roughly once every 27 days, the same amount of time it takes to orbit the Earth. This means it is rotating at a rate that means we always see the same face, more or less, as it moves around Earth.
China landed its “Jade Rabbit or Yutu, ” space craft on the moon five years ago and plans to send its Chang’e 5 probe there next year returning to Earth with samples , the first ever attempt since 1976.
China landed with a crewed space craft, for space exploration first time in 2003, the third country after Russia and the U.S to do so. It has put a pair of space stations into orbit, one of which is still operating as a precursor to a more than 60-ton station that is due to come online in 2022.They also plan to launch a Mars rover by the mid-2020s.